Problem Junior 5

Omnis Mus Problem Junior 5 (--> use with JRBASE05.MDB)

General journal entries can be entered using either transaction analysis format or debit credit format. Transaction analysis format is the initial setting. This preference can be changed from the Main Menu (click Options), and/or from the keyboard used to input numbers in a general journal transaction (click Format).

1. Enter the following transactions into the general journal.

All of the following may be dated June 12.

1a. Sales billed to customers on account: $62,000.  The cost of goods sold was $31,750.

1b. Cash collected from customers on account: $48,500.

1c. Accounts receivable from customers was reduced by sales returns and allowances of $4,500.  The cost of goods returned by the customers was $2,000.

1d. Purchased goods for sale to customers from vendors on account: $32,800.

1e. Transportation-in on purchases of goods from vendors: $950  (increase accounts payable).

1f. Cash payments to vendors on account: $38,200.

1g. Accounts payable to vendors was reduced by purchase returns and allowances of $4,500.

1h. Issued 500 shares of common stock for cash of $5 per share.

1i. Purchase of supplies on hand for $500 cash.

1j. Declared a cash dividend of $500, payable July 31.  (35009 Dividends Declared is a contra-equity account).

2. Enter the following transactions in the general journal.

All of the following may be dated June 30.

2a. Record the payroll for the month:

Salaries expense $12,000

Accrued Payroll $9,000

Accrued Payroll-Taxes $2,000

Accrued Payroll-Other $1,000

2b. The employer's payroll tax expense is 10% of gross salaries expense.

Increase accounts 80020 Payroll Taxes expense and 20120 Accrued Payroll-Taxes

2c. $300 of Unearned Revenue (account 21000) is earned as of June 30.  Increase Other Revenue (account 60200).

2d: Depreciation expense for the month: $525

2e. An aging analysis was performed to estimate bad debts expense.  There should be a $3,000 allowance for bad accounts as of June 30.

2f. Supplies on hand were counted and found to be $2000 at June 30.

2g. Accrue the following expenses.

Increase account 20200 Accrued Expense Payable for each of these items.  If an expense has a prepaid balance, properly reflect the reduction of the prepaid balance in your journal entry.

2g1: Rent expense $2,500

2g2: Interest expense $360

2g3: Utilities expense $700

2g4: Miscellaneous expense $200

2g5: Insurance expense $250

3. Close Accounts: Prepare Statements

Open the general ledger, and click Options. Click Close Accounts.

Financial statements may be viewed after closing from the Report form.  Review the financial statements, and correct any errors as necessary.  If you make any corrections, then you must Close Accounts again to have the financial statements updated for your corrections.

You may Close Accounts as often as you wish.


Post Closing Entries will zero all revenue and expense accounts.  Do not Post Closing Entries until you are certain that you are finished with your assignment.   If in doubt, do not Post Closing Entries. You do NOT have to post Closing Entries to produce financial statements.